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shibayama
works

Produced in 1993  Four

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BIO-MORPH ENCYCHROPEDIA Muybridge
In 1991, I wanted to calculate the space between the series of photographs of Edward Mybridge using a technique called morphing to create a single image. I made a detailed image. There were various things, but it actually started in 1992. Also, I made it possible to manipulate the scenario with each video. Announced the completion of a new category of CD-ROM Biomorph My Bridge in 1993. The theme of this is a photograph of the movements of humans and animals taken when there was no projector yet, but in his photograph, the lost time that could not be captured is revived by a computer, and the actual image is further. It is a modern new book that connects the source of the image and the source of the image and appears in a dream.
I dreamed of Edward Mybridge.
On my way home from a taxi, I had a big traffic accident and broke my spinal cord. Fortunately, all my nerves were connected, so I was able to leave the hospital relatively quickly, but while doing a cast, I had a private room in the surgical ward of an old national hospital call me, and I was doing a color school for the sponsor at that time. .. I was quite busy when I entered the hospital. One night, I dreamed that the photos taken by the very old cameraman Eadweard Muybridge would start to move as if they were alive. surprised. Because it was something I had been thinking about before. Immediately get a Mac from the office, steal the eyes of the nurse and the attending physician, place the monitor and keyboard on a small elongated table on the bed, and morph between the pictures of My Bridge. I started to calculate a number of frames. The image began to move in a mysterious way, dragging the surrounding space, just as it did in a dream. What's more, I thought it was necessary to have a mechanism that would not allow the answer to come out if the computer key was pressed at that time, but that the image could not be seen even if the key was pressed.
After being discharged from the hospital, Buck Mesic aimed for the sound that came out in his dreams. His data was contacted by Stanford University in the United States and was found to have no copyright issues. I put it together on a CD-ROM and named it Biomorph Encyclopedia My Bridge. I think some of the museums in the world own multimedia about multimedia.

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Produced in 1994

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An example of the sound contained in a CD-ROM


A

Returning to San Francisco, I was becoming known as a state-of-the-art natural landscape photographer on the West Coast. In 1867, he took pictures of the Yosemite Valley, overcoming the shortcomings of photography technology at the time. We developed a device called "sky shade" that was overexposed due to the brightness of the sky, and succeeded in suppressing the exposure and capturing objects clearly. The following year, in 1968, the photo book "Landscape of Yosemite Valley" was published as a photo book. It was well received in many places, especially in the Alta California newspaper, which was praised as "a real or oil-painting cloud that has never been seen in previous photographs." .. The photographs at that time were less detailed than oil paintings. He was also invited (by Major Henry Halleck of the Army) as an exclusive cameraman to the expedition to determine the military garrison in Alaska.
 

B

Stanford and I read an article by a natural historian named Murray, a Frenchman. The content was about animal movement, but the ambiguity in the explanatory diagram made me want to proceed with research on animal movement.
 

C

That tragedy came on October 17th.

A man named Larkins not only had an affair with his wife, but also sent a letter saying that my newborn child was actually his child.

I went to his house that night and shot him to death, saying, "This is the reply to your letter."

I was passed on to the sheriff and charged with first-class murder.

In court in 1875, I was released as innocent, thanks to defense counsel William Pendagast's two-hour enthusiastic speech.

Produced in 1994

About Biomorph Encyclopedia My Bridge
"Bio-Morph Encyclopedia is a beautiful and fascinating CD-ROM that explores new possibilities made possible by new technology." (From Leonardo Electronic Armanac VOL.2 NO.12) Stephen Wilson "
A series of chronographography by Edward Mybridge (1830-1904) that captures the movements of moving humans and animals has inspired many experimental artists of the 20th century. This includes people like Marcel Duchan and Umberto Boccioni, as well as outstanding filmmakers (Ziga Weldov, Jean-Luc Godard) and videographers (George Snow, Gerber Body).
This "My Bridge Ann" lineage is primarily a modernist avant-garde with the urge to stop the tendency of "mystery" of images and establish a new "frozen" space for distance analysis. Has been associated. However, the excellent CD-ROM work (BIO-MORPH ENCYCHROPEDIA Muybridge) by Nobuhiro Shibayama is clearly disconnected from this genealogy. Shibayama's goal is to recreate a new and comprehensive experience, rather than deconstructing the movement itself. He combines elements from a variety of cultural sources, including the creative use of modern morphing software. The result is surreal and bizarre.
First, the audience = user is asked to select some points from the list of still images of Mybridge. (Text: Erkki Huhtamo)-Excerpt from "InterCommunication" 1995 Autumn No.14 (NTT Publishing) 
Erkki Huhtamo, Professor, Faculty of Media Studies, Lapin Yliopis University, Finland

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Edward Mybridge, a 19th-century cameraman who created the foundation of film technology before Edison. However, I tried to calculate between frames. The theme of this is a photograph of the movements of humans and animals taken when there was no projector yet, but his photographs revived the lost time that could not be captured by a computer in the present sense. It is a modern new book.
CD-ROM "Bio-Morph Encyclopedia Muybridge," inspired by work of the 19th century photographer Edweard Muybridge, was completed. The software, containing Muybridge's photographic work of men and animals, is a new style of literature that enables retrieving the lost time and the movement that Muybridge was not able to capture in his photographs. 

This DVD-ROM multimedia main story

Divide into Animal 1, Animal 2, Dance, Man, Woman, Opening, My Bridge Introduction, My Favorite.

Produced in 1993

5/7

Part of a man and part of a woman.

Here the videos are tied together by a cursor, which is only part of it. You can move freely in the CD-ROM, and you can move everything. The technology of 1994 should be epoch-making.

Produced in 1993

2/7

Part of Animal 1 and Part of Animal 2.

Part of the opening and part of the introduction of My Bridge.

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Produced in 1993

Produced in 1993

Materials taken by My Bridge.

1/7

6/7

From Erkki Huhtamo, Professor, Faculty of Media Studies, Lapin Yliopis University, Finland
"Bio-Morph Encyclopedia is a beautiful and fascinating CD-ROM that explores new possibilities made possible by new technology." (From Leonardo Electronic Armanac VOL.2 NO.12) Stephen Wilson "Bio-Morph Encyclopedia" is a beautiful and provocative work for CD-ROM that explores some new art possibilties made possible by new tecnologies. "
Stephen Wilson, San Francisco, CA (Leonardo Electronic Almanac Vol.2 NO.12)
A series of chronographography by Edward Mybridge (1830-1904) that captures the movements of moving humans and animals has inspired many experimental artists of the 20th century. This includes people like Marcel Duchan and Umberto Boccioni, as well as outstanding filmmakers (Ziga Weldov, Jean-Luc Godard) and videographers (George Snow, Gerber Body).
This "My Bridge Ann" lineage is primarily a modernist avant-garde with the urge to stop the tendency of "mystery" of images and establish a new "frozen" space for distance analysis. Has been associated. However, the excellent CD-ROM work (BIO-MORPH ENCYCHROPEDIA Muybridge) by Nobuhiro Shibayama is clearly disconnected from this genealogy. Shibayama's goal is to recreate a new and comprehensive experience, rather than deconstructing the movement itself. He combines elements from a variety of cultural sources, including the creative use of modern morphing software. The result is surreal and bizarre.
First, the audience = user is asked to select some points from the list of still images of Mybridge. (From Quarterly Intercommunication NO.14)

Erkki Huhtamo, Professor, Faculty of Media Studies, Lapin Yliopis University, Finland

Bio-Morf Encyclopedia
The chronophotograhic series of humans and animals in motion by Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904) have inspired a significant number of 20th century experimental artists, beginning with figures like Marcel Duchamp and Umberto Boccioni, and including prominent filmmakers (Dziga Veyrov, Jean-Luc Godard) ) and videomakers (George Snow, Gabor Body). This "muybrigian" tradition has mostly been connected with modernist avantage, with its urge to stop the "mystifing" flow of images, and to establish a new "frozen" space for distanciation and analysis The remarkable CD-ROM artwork Biomorph Encyclopedia by Nobuhiro Shibayama clearly stands out from this tradition. Shibayama's goal is less the deconstruction of movement in itself than the re-creation of a new synthetic experience. He combines elements from different cultural sources, including the creative use of contemporary morphing software.The result is surreal and bizarre. The user is invited to make choices from inventories of Muybridge's stil l images.
WESTERN by Erkki Huhtamo Professor of media studies,
University of Lapland (Rovaniemi, Finland)

Produced in 1993

3/7

Part of the dance edition of My Bridge .

Multi-thinking doesn't stop I heard that a new CD-ROM will be released, and it is said that it was made with multimedia in mind. What is it like?

Shibayama-This is a picture taken by a person named Mybridge 100 years ago, following the movements of the human body and animals one by one, but I think this was the originator of multimedia. He laid a wire around the ground and set up turtles in parallel so that the shutter would be released when he touched it, and took 8 to 20 pictures of the animals walking, 4 when the horse runs. He seems to have made a bet with the mayor on whether or not all the legs of the book may be off the ground. In the end, as My Bridge said, there were times when everything was away. He was the first to think of it as a collection of tops. So this is the king of multimedia, PICS.

 

-So, put it on a CD-ROM?

 

Shibayama-Yes, if you just line them up, it's just a flip book animation. I don't want to do that. When I heard that morphing technology could be done on a Mac, I was instantly inspired. If you use this, you can move smoothly between each sheet. This worked pretty well, and the video I was watching at that time was in the state of a video. And it can be transformed from A to B animals as the user chooses. It's not a game, but I don't even know what category it belongs to (laughs) Is it "Biomorph Encyclopedia (My Bridge)" (laughs)?

 

-What made you want to do something in the multimedia world?

 

Shibayama-What you're doing right now is just doing it in a medium called a CD-ROM, and it's multimedia-like software, isn't it? The thing I'm expressing in it is paper, which I've been doing, but I just replaced it with a CD. The act of arranging letters neatly in a certain frame is similar to the act of finding a jewel box and putting your favorite jewels in it. That's why a CD-ROM is like a jewelry box in my head. There are real books such as "My Bridge", so that's the end of it. It's good that you can pick it up and see it, but this digital one is also good. It can't exist at the same time. You throw something away and get something. Great book textures, ink scents, and all the details are lost, but more than the original My Bridge is added by computer power.

 

-You can also make a CD. Of ambient music.


Shibayama-That's right. If you add artificial intelligence to this system, you can express emotions a little more. -What changed by using a Mac, including ideas? Shibayama-Is it quite different? There are places where the computer makes up for what you lack. However, there is absolutely no such thing as whether a computer does more than one's own ideas. Even this IBVA is not an automatic composition device ... As I said in "My Bridge", there are some things that have become convenient and some that have been lost. 

BIO-MORPH-MUYBRIDGE

Based on the British photographer Muybridge, Mr. Shibayama created an ambient movie on a CD-ROM. I will introduce his work, which can be said to be a new genre, from the motives leading up to the production to the hardships in the work.

 

Motivation for MYBRIDGE production

Mybridge is a British-born photographer who, despite being accused of murder, continued to photograph the movements of animals and people with a still camera.

Shibayama focused on the illusion between the photographs he couldn't take, not the photographs of Mybridge itself. Therefore, while using the images he took as materials, he incorporated his personality into it by using a completely different perspective and a unique technique called biomorph, and by breaking through the idea of Mybridge.

Also, by producing the CD-ROM version of MUYBRIDGE, he will be able to access what multimedia is, what is multimedia, and from the standpoint of a graphic designer. Sometimes I wanted to confirm for myself.

"But until recently, I was only thinking about the flatness of the X-axis and Y-axis, so I didn't want to just move the moving image that incorporates the time axis of the movie into the plane. So, I'm wondering if it's a photo collection to scan photos and see them on a monitor on a Macintosh, and is it multimedia to drop them into QuickTime format and see them on a Macintosh? "

MUYBRIDGE is produced with such questions included. Perhaps because of that, MUYBRIDGE has a mysterious feeling that animals and humans move in the lost phantom time and space, and twists the time from one second ago to the present one. It is a work that makes you feel the illusion of warping from your current self to yourself one second later.

 

Difficult CD-ROM production

The production of MUYBRIDGE started in June 1991, the concept in October 1992, and the rough work started in April 1993. Completion is summer 1993. Attach my label and attach a CD = ROM plastic case. Therefore, it takes a little more than two years to complete the calculation. Of course while doing other work. After that, I made an outside paper package because I wanted to make it stand out when I lined it up in various stores.

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Photography in 1995

He took a picture with the late Anzai of Hypercraft in 1995. Pioneer​ A multimedia shop was open. An era when there was no Net. From the March 1995 issue of Sendenkaigi

The software used was Photoshop, Illustrator, Shade, etc., and the morphing was created using Morph. For voice, he uses Sound Edit Pro, and he himself injects narration. Then, the procedure is to edit the completed graphic and sound with Director.

"At first, I was thinking of ordering audio, etc. from outside, but as I made it, I found that it would cost about three times as much as the initial estimate. Therefore, the outsourcing cost was gone. However, voice is also a medium that can be worked on the desktop, so I decided to make use of it and make it myself. "

Creating a CD-ROM requires work in different fields such as graphics, audio, and authoring, so it is normal for the work to proceed in a division of labor system divided into each part. However, in his case, he did as much work as he could.

"In the case of an individual work like MUYBRIDGE, I would have to do all the work myself. In fact, I wanted someone else to make even one part. The more computers you put in, the more you have to do the work yourself, which means that the final decision is in the production. Ultimately, the part of the program. It has become a way of doing work that only other people do. "

When a game maker or the like creates an outline, they will first create a storyboard and then proceed while discussing production problems with operators and programmers. However, in the production of MUYBRIDGE, we took a method of reflecting various aspects that appear during production in real time (for example, using new software).

 

About future development

Through the production of MUYBRIDGE, he felt that the size of 640 x 480 was very small and that the operation speed of the CD-ROM was slow. In particular, in the case of the current mainstream double-speed CD-ROM drive, there is still dissatisfaction in expressing interactivity. However, this problem is a hardware problem and is common to all CD-ROM producers, so we will consider how best we can produce in that limited environment. It is necessary.

"As for this MUYBRIDGE, I'm both a client and a creator, so I think there's a lot of feedback from seeing this, but I'm motivated to create something new again. I think it will go on.

Looking at the process of making MUYBRIDGE, it tells us that what is important is the desire to make, and that there is always a way to go.

His work may give some kind of opportunity to creators who are hesitant to make CD-ROMs.

 

In our next era, art directors and copywriters in the 21st century will surely need something different from us. It's very opaque in every part, and I don't know what it will taper or become a thick pillar no matter what I study, but we have to convey what the next generation wants. Is it? How can that be done? Multimedia, for the moment, in the midst of not knowing whether this foggy ocean or stream, lift your neck on the surface of the water, listen, open your eyes, how much information and technology you can receive from beyond, and that. Master and continue to produce. For the time being, I want to keep this feeling in mind and continue working. And I would like to continue talking with the creators of the 21st century who have not forgotten the most important message with a heart. Fall 1993

Produced in 1993

4/7

The part where you can press the memory button to see all the parts you like.

Produced in 1993

7/7

The man's part. You can choose any of the nine octagons on the right page, and the images will be connected by morphing to make your dreams look forever.

PRIMARY CATEGORY: 000Works & Press CATEGORY: 000Works & Press

DATE: 06/01/1993 03:12:09 PM -----
BODY:
マルチな思考は止まらない

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EXTENDED BODY:

−新しくCD-ROMを出されるという話も聞きまして、マルチメディアを意識して作られている ということですが、どういうものですか。

柴山−これはマイブリッジという人が100年前に撮影した人体と動物などの動きをひとつひとつ追って写した写真があるのですが、僕はこれがマルチメディアの元祖だったんじゃない かと思うんです。 彼は地面にワイヤーを張り巡らせて、それに触れるとシャッターが下りるように並列にカメ ラを設置して動物の歩く姿を8枚から20枚程度の写真に収めたんです、馬が走るときは4本 の足全てが地面から離れるときがあるかないかということで、彼は市長と賭けをしたらしい んですよ。結局はマイブリッジの言うとおり、全て離れるときはあったんですけど。こまの 集合体として考えたのは彼が最初だったんです。だから、これはマルチメディアですよ。

 

−で、それをCD-ROMに?

柴山−そう、それをただ並べただけだとパタパタアニメにしかならない。それはやりたくな いと思ってね。モーフィングという技術がMac上で出来るということを聞いて、パッと閃い たんですよ。これを使えば1枚1枚の間をスムーズに動かすことが出来るんじゃないかと。その時見ていた映像が見事に動画の状態になっているんですよ。

 そしてユーザーが選んだ通りにAからBの動物に変形できるようになっているんです。ゲーム ではないんですが...、どういうカテゴリーのものか自分でも分からないんです(笑)『バイ オモルフ・エンサイクロペディア(マイブリッジ)』ですかね(笑)

 

−マルチメディアの世界で何かやってみたいと思ったきっかけは何ですか。

柴山−今やっているのはCD-ROMという媒体の中でやっているだけであってマルチメディアラ イクなソフトですよね。その中で表現しているものっていうのは今まで紙というもので自分 はやってきたわけだけど、それをCDというものに置き換えただけ。ある枠の中に文字を綺麗に並べたりするレイアウトという行為は宝石箱を見つけてきて自分の好きな宝石類を入れる行為に近いんですよ。だから、CD-ROMっていうのも僕の頭の中では宝石箱のようなもの なんだね。『マイブリッジ』などは本当の本があるわけだから、それで完結してるものです よね。手に取って見られるという良さがあるわけだけど、こっちのデジタルの方にも良さが ある。それは同時には存在しえないんですよ。何かを捨てて何かを得るわけですよ。素晴ら しい本のテクスチャーやインクの匂い、色んな細かな情報というのは失われるけれど、マイ ブリッジのオリジナル以上のものがコンピュータの力で付加されている。